Learn the Bones in Your Body

If you are keen to learn the skeletal system then you have come to the right place. The bones of the body are well explained in this article.

The skeletal system is the structure that gives the mechanical body support. The skeletal system supports the body. Motion of the body is facilitated by the skeletal system.

Over 200 bones, cartilage and the ligaments make up the skeletal system. The skeletal system is made up of bones, ligaments, and cartilage.

The bones and the teeth are the most visible in a model of the skeleton structure. If you happen to be keen you will be able to see all the constituent parts of the skeleton model. The ligaments and the cartilage are also very basic parts of the skeleton.

Ligaments are vitally important for the proper functioning of the joints. The bands of dense and fibrous connective tissues are what we refer to as the ligaments. The larynx and the nose structure are made up of the cartilage. The bones are less flexible than the cartilage.

Movement and structure of the body comes from the bones. The face gets the structure from the skull; the skull also protects the brain. The spine consists of over 30 bones. The upper and lower limbs, as well as the girdles, make up the three limbs of the skeleton. The attachment of the four limbs to the vertebral column is facilitated by the girdles.

The skull consists of several bones that surround the brain. The protection is given to the heart, and the lungs comes from the thoracic cavity which surrounds them. On the other hand the vertebral column gives the spinal cord structure as well as the protection.

You may wonder how the skeleton moves. The nerves in the muscles give the muscles the signal to move. When the nervous system sends the commands to the skeletal muscles, the muscles contract. The movement is created between the joints and the bones when muscles contract.

The two groups of the bones consist of the axial and appendicular skeletons. Movement is facilitated by the appendicular skeleton while internal organs are protected by the axial skeleton.

The axial skeleton is made up of the skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage while the appendicular skeleton consists of the girdles and the limbs.

The five types are: the long bones like the femur, the flat bones like the frontal bone, the patella or the knee cap is typed as the sesamoid bone and the short bones which includes the bones at hand (carpal) and the bones in the feet ( tarsals).

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